The NLRA also contains provisions that protect what is known as protected concerted activity- when two or more employees acting together protest or complain about wages, benefits, or other terms and conditions of employment. Some of these changes were later achieved in the 1947 amendments. [7]. In addition, added by the Taft–Hartley Act, there are seven unfair labor practices aimed at unions and employees. The National Labor Relations Act forbids employers from interfering with, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of their rights. 3. § 153) the NLRB has two basic functions: overseeing the process by which employees decide whether to be represented by a labor organization and prosecuting violations. It is easy to understand why such strict definition of roles is important- it allows employers, employees, and labor unions to know exactly what to expect from one another. National Labor Relations Act (1935) After the National Industrial Recovery Act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, organized labor was again looking for relief from employers who had been free to spy on, interrogate, discipline, discharge, and blacklist union members. [21], "Employees shall have the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection, and shall also have the right to refrain from any or all of such activities except to the extent that such right may be affected by an agreement requiring membership in a labor organization as a condition of employment as authorized in section 158 (a)(3) of this title. UNDER THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT The NLRA guarantees the right of employees to organize and bargain collectively with their employers, and to engage in other protected concerted activity. The Board decides cases involving charges of ULPs. In order to determine if the National Labor Relations Act applies to a particular case, courts look to the following factors: (1) whether or not there is a labor dispute as defined under the NLRA, (2) Whether the employer’s business activity is “commerce” under the definition offer in the NLRA, (3) Or whether or not the activity falls under activity that is “affecting commerce” under the NLRA. The purpose of the NLRA was to codify the federal policy favoring industrial relations stability and employee free choice. Findings and declaration of policy 29 U.S. Code§ 151. Colorado Fuel was a subsidiary of Standard Oil, and Nelson Rockefeller Jr. sought expert advice from the new field of public relations to prolong the settlement of the strike. § 162) it is an offense for people to unduly interfere with the Board's conduct. Industrial peace is essential to a functioning economy. Legal definition of National Labor Relations Act: the single most important piece of labor legislation enacted in the United States in the 20th century. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS Section 151. The appointment process is often considered to be highly political. The focus of the traditional law of unions, which makes up the major part of the area of law known as labor law, is on … The NLRA has an enforcement mechanism written into it. Also known as the Wagner Act, this bill was signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt on July 5, 1935. In addition, employers campaigned over the years to outlaw a number of union practices such as closed shops, secondary boycotts, jurisdictional strikes, mass picketing, strikes in violation of contractual no-strike clauses, pension and health and welfare plans sponsored by unions and multi-employer bargaining. Employees covered by the National Labor Relations Act are afforded certain rights to join together to improve their wages and working conditions, with or without a union. These practices are referred to as unfair labor practices ("ULPs") and have been singled out for their potential to harm the general welfare. § 169), people who have religious convictions against joining a trade union are entitled to not associate or financially support it. What are synonyms for National Labor Relations Act? [3], It also has its roots in a variety of different labor acts previously enacted:[citation needed], Under section 1 (29 U.S.C. The mechanism for enforcement through the NLRB is laid out in the NLRA, including the boundaries of its authority and limits to this authority. § 158) the law defines a set of prohibited actions by employers, employees, and unions, known as an unfair labor practice. Those processes are initiated in the regional offices of the NLRB. § 157) sets out the general principle that employees have the right to join a trade union and engage in collective bargaining. The act does not apply to certain workers, including supervisors, agricultural employees, domestic workers, government employees, and independent contractors. Information and translations of National Labor Relations Act in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. [16], The Social Security Act of 1935 excluded from coverage about half the workers in the American economy. The NLRA is codified at 29 U.S.C. This includes, (a)(2) "to dominate or interfere with the formation or administration of any labor organization or contribute financial or other support to it", (a)(3) "by discrimination in regard to hire or tenure of employment or any term or condition of employment to encourage or discourage membership in any labor organization". Passed by the United States Congress in 1935, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) is a federal law directed at regulating labor and management practices in the private sector. Specific rules in support of collective bargaining are as follows. Companies that have a municipal function. The NLRA 1935 also does not include additional measures to protect the rights of racial minorities in the workplace. As may be noted during periods of widespread strikes, uneasy relations in this sphere can very quickly and severely have an adverse effect on the entire country. An act to diminish the causes of labor disputes burdening or obstructing interstate and foreign commerce, to create a National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), and for other purposes. (a)(5) refusing to bargain collectively with the representative of the employer's employees. Over all, they wanted the NLRB to be neutral as to bargaining power, but the NLRA's policy section takes a decidedly pro-employee position: It is declared to be the policy of the United States to eliminate the causes of certain substantial obstructions to the free flow of commerce and to mitigate and eliminate these obstructions when they have occurred by encouraging the practice and procedure of collective bargaining and by protecting the exercise by workers of full freedom of association, self-organization, and designation of representatives of their own choosing, for the purpose of negotiating the terms and conditions of their employment or other mutual aid or protection. It established the National Labor Relations Board and addressed relations between unions and employers in the private sector. However, the following employers are not covered:1. §§ 151-169 and purports to serve the national interest of the United States regarding labor relations within the country. It also contains provisions regarding the requirements for union-security agreements. It also determines representation election questions that it receives from Regional Offices. § 155) set out provisions on the officers of the Board and their expenses. Scheunemann, Edward. The act was written by Senator Robert F. Wagner, passed by the 74th United States Congress, and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The NLRA establishes a procedure by which employees can exercise their choice whether or not to join a union in a secret-ballot election conducted by the National Labor Relations Board ("NLRB"). The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) of 1935, also referred to as the Wagner Act, was a major reason for this change. The NLRA, in general covers the rights of employees, such as the rights to self-organization and collective bargaining. National Labor Relations Act Congress enacted the National Labor Relations Act ("NLRA") in 1935 to protect the rights of employees and employers, to encourage collective bargaining, and to curtail certain private sector labor and management practices, which can harm the general welfare of workers, businesses and the U.S. economy. The National Labor Relations Act fundamentally restructured American labor law. [6] The General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board give legal advice. Clear policy regarding labor and management encourages the best interests of the United States which is to maintain full economic production. View a sample of this title using the ReadNow feature. Synonyms for National Labor Relations Act in Free Thesaurus. 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