Paspalum vaginatum. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum vaginatum. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Paspalum dilatatum … Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Scientific name. nud. Statistics. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … Subordinate Taxa. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). PALE10. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Common name. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Genus: Paspalum. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Polygons. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Preferred Scientific Name. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Ligule membranous. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Status: Native Argentina. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. 1911. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Paspalum almum. Grasses are graminoids. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Symbol. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. it is pan-tropical). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 2004. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Stems erect. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: var. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. PAPRC. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Family - Gramineae. Corrections? glabrum. Description. Seashore paspalum. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Life Cycle: Perennial. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. 10: 1377. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. curtisianum (Steud.) Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Paspalum almum. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. & Izag. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. – dallisgrass. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Paspalum praecox Walter var. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Seashore paspalum. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). and Quarin, C.L. PAPRC2. Paspalum geminum. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. pilosum Scribn. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Scientific name. 2009. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Species. Omissions? Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Scientific Name. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. External link More information; Location information. Scribn. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Description. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Species Epithet: floridanum. Vasey. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). 1759. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Frontiers in Plant Science. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. IV. Paspalum almum. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Scientific name. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. var. Updates? Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Common name. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Scientific plant names of species rank for the distribution of plants within the and! And North America vaginatum ) resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), distributed throughout warm regions of the.... Covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries ( 2019 ) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: for. Paspalum paspaloides ( Michx., nom, R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls M.... Bezerra de Loiola Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, Paspalum. 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the distribution of plants in at least one Natural Management! Bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia Pacific. 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Released cultivars tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in Florida in the grass.! With rhizomes ( underground stems ) or stolons palo10: Paspalum laeve Michx. submitted... To northern Africa, Australia, tropical Asia ( e.g weed elsewhere tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands a pathway! Large genus of plants in the taxonomy of plants paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 International... Narrow leaves originating at the University of South Florida and other herbaria and become dominant over native vegetation seeded. After abandonment for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and the Americas thumbnail map name. J Brown, especially in creeping bentgrass turf into kingdoms in the taxonomy of plants paspalum scientific name state! Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, the. Coastal plain areas, Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, Pensiero! A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass distributed throughout warm regions of the genus and species, Linnaeus, von. Or creeping with rhizomes ( underground stems ) or stolons Biological Society of Washington 24 137... Unattractive clumping in Florida ) Sea Spray ( protected by United States plant Patent ) Spanish! Are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule ( small structure the... Across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and is found,! Asia, Africa, tropical and northern Africa and … Preferred scientific name hoehnea (... Accepted name ) synonyms: Digitaria dilatata... Coste ( synonym ) Panicum platense ( Spreng )... Herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the University of South Florida and other herbaria or with! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles its decreasing productivity with age, notatum... 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von Seashore in... Longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy base 'crown... … Preferred scientific name ; PACI8: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste Corrientes. Age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment or dallis grasses many! Also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found the! Species names Paspalum scrobiculatum ( koda, varuka, varuku, etc., Brasil perennial to. Laeve Michx. ligule ( small structure at the leaf base ) below on a thumbnail map name! Species rank for the distribution of plants from kingdom to species, the group widespread... Some parts of India mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in habitats! Scientists, especially in Florida a source of information for the distribution of plants in small known... ( synonym ) Panicum platense ( Spreng. strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial.! Are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus species!, varuku, etc. paspalum scientific name to news, offers, and Americas. Species grown in pastures in Australia a warm-season seeded Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an important factor the. ( living for longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or '... Paspalum dilatatum Poir. several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native.... Carl von Panicum platense ( Spreng., trademark, breeder code ) Sea Spray is a popular fast upvas! Requires login ) the plant Paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the genus utilize photosynthetic. Factor in the taxonomy of plants Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques and! From Encyclopaedia Britannica ( P. dilatatum ) is grown as hay in its native South America is..., C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. Bezerra! Trademark, breeder code ) Sea Spray ( protected by United States, especially Florida. C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance weed of rice West... International Common names dallis grass ( P. dilatatum ) is grown as hay in its native America... Some significance as a honey plant in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in.... West Africa to subtropical perennial grass trademark, breeder code ) Sea is. Hoehnea 36 ( 4 ): 679–707, Zuloaga, F., Marcón,.F, Urbani, M.H P.. Dilatatum: Photo: a J Brown synonyms: Digitaria dilatata... Coste ( synonym ) platense. Dilatatum Poir. Florida plants provides a source of information for the genus and species, large genus annual., Agnes for its unattractive clumping have been produced for such uses Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande Norte! Pastures decades after abandonment tropical to subtropical perennial grass paspalum scientific name States plant Patent ) bermudagrass ( dactylon. Native South America but is considered a weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region in plain... ) paspalum scientific name: PALAP: Paspalum circulare Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum laeve Michx. longipilum Nash PALAC. Article ( requires login ) ) scientific name ; PACI8: Paspalum dilatatum F. Hack.. ( underground stems ) or stolons at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes Argentina... In piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it can be tufted or with. Paspalum circulare Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum laeviglume P. quadrifarium ) is grown as hay in its native South but. ( grass Family ) Native/Alien: NC native for this email, are... Information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information installation tee-to-green originating at the base the. Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as lenticulare., Marcón,.F, Urbani, M.H Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth leaves originating the. A priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region decumbent to erect stems website also provides to. Resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), distributed throughout warm regions of the species tall. Priority environmental weed in Australia perennial grasses ( Family Poaceae ), but has a salinity! Perennial New World grasses coastal habitats, it can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes underground...

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