| {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Ammonium nitrate has various uses in various industries. These contain two packs, one with water and the other with ammonium nitrate, and when broken these mix to create an endothermic reaction (absorbs heat from the surroundings to become cool). Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. NOVEMBER 16, 2020 18:19 ‘IT … What is the molecular formula for ammonium nitrate? It is simply poured into holes drilled in rock. Ammonium nitrate is commonly used in many terrorist attacks for making detonators and other weapons of mass destruction. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. This is because when ammonium nitrate burns, some oxygen is left over. Uses of calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer: Calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the high-efficient compound fertilizer including nitrogen and quick-acting calcium. What is the formula for the ammonium ion? Uses of ammonium nitrate. Quiz & Worksheet - Ammonium Nitrate Uses & Formula, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions, Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties, Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation, Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds, Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character, Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity, Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces, London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces, Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape, Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams, Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors, Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules, Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers, Glycosidic Linkage: Definition & Overview, The Hydrogen Bomb: Definition, Explosion & Facts, High School Physical Science: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical succeed. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive.Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". Chemically, this salt is the nitrate of ammonia and at room temperature presents itself as a solid white substance, in similar appearance… - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Potassium Chloride? Ammonium nitrate contains two ions: one ammonium ion (NH4+) and one nitrate ion (NO3-), so the bond between these two ions is what we call an ionic bond. 2. It's also used as a component in ammonium nitrate fuel oil, which is an explosive, and, as such, is useful in the mining industry. It's also used to create controlled explosions in mining and quarrying. The main use of ammonium nitrate is as an additive to fertilizer, for helping nitrogen-poor soil. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Use of a combustible sensitized ammonium nitrate started in 1955 when mixtures were packaged in plastic, waterproof bags for use in large diameter boreholes, mainly in coal mining stripping operations. For decades, Australia has produced, stored and used ammonium nitrate without a … Want to Know it? It is an oxidiser considered relatively safe if … Have you ever had bruising, inflammation, or swelling that you needed to tend to, perhaps the result of a sports injury? Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. Ammonium nitrate is used commonly in fertilizers; in pyrotechniques, herbicides, and insecticides; and in the manufacture of nitrous oxide. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? How do you write a chemical equation for NH4NO3? Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are mainly used as fertilizers. Ammonium Nitrate Safety . Anyone can earn Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. It is used as an absorbent for nitrogen oxides, an ingredient of freezing mixtures, an oxidizer in rocket propellants, and a nutrient for yeast and antibiotics. A very handy home use of a versatile chemical! What is Professional Development for Teachers? The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. The ammonium nitrate dissolves in water, and if the water is heated, the by-product will be a nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas. Nissa has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high school science and college level chemistry. * It is used in certain instant cold packs, because when it dissolve in water it release heat. Find out more about its hazards and safe management. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). Nitrogen is an essential plant nutrient, which assists in the plants' growth and processes such as photosynthesis. Read More. Side Effects. Ammonium nitrate is an odourless material, which is usually granulated (if … Fertilizer-grade ammonium nitrate can be powdered or in the form of prills. courses that prepare you to earn {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | imaginable degree, area of * Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used in fertilisers and as an explosive for quarrying and mining. With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back (what we’d call the ceiling). Get Started Ammonium nitrate is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated. - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Urea? For example, liquid ammonium nitrate may be sold as a fertilizer, generally in combination with urea or the liquid ammonium nitrate may be concentrated to form an ammonium nitrate melt for use in solids formation processes. Ammonium nitrate is used in manufacturing explosives. Ammonium nitrate(NH4NO3) is used in: * Manufacturing of fertilizer. It is normally spread as small pellets and dissolves quickly in moisture, releasing nitrogen into the soil. Amatol was popularly used in World War I and II, most often in various military weapons such as aircraft bombs and shells. 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When 10.0 g of solid ammonium nitrate, NH_4NO_3(s) dissolves in 100.0 g of water in a calorimeter the temperature drops from 23.0 degree C to 16.0 degree C. Assuming the specific heat of the resulting. It is widely used for this purpose in agriculture around the world. This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it's mixed with oil and other fuels. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Consult your pharmacist or physician. Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that consists of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen. Ammonium nitrate is the main component of slurry explosives used for mining. It is widely used in the greenhouse and large area farmland. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. This is a well-known hazard with some types of NPK fertilizers and is This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. However, the source of ammonium nitrate used for improvised explosive mixtures is often fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate has many uses in different types of fields, mostly in fertilizers and explosives. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half of the N in the nitrate form and half in the ammonium form. The high nitrogen amount in this compound is the main reason why it is very popular in agriculture. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3. I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut explosions, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … Usually, it is sold in the form of pellets which are coated with clay. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. This is an acidic salt with a pH of about 5.4. study Ammonium nitrate (AN) is a more concentrated source of nitrogen containing 33.5 percent to 34.5 percent N. It is one of the most widely used straight nitrogen products and provides both ammonium-N and fast-acting nitrate-N to the crop. The ammonium fraction is taken up by roots or gradually converted to nitrate by soil microorganisms. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate. What is the molecular formula for ammonium nitrate? ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. Its molar mass is 80.052 g/mol. Fertilizer Nitrogen is an … Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. What is the formula for aluminum nitrite? When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. - Structure, Formula & Uses, Aluminum Bromide: Chemical Formula, Symbol & Uses, What is Silica? The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. Ammonium nitrate is also one of the most commonly used high nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). It's actually the main component of an explosive called ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO), which is a mixture of 94% ammonium nitrate and 6% of fuel oil. Five Israeli tourists and their Bulgarian bus driver were killed in the attack. Ammonium nitrate is a very widely used chemical that has a variety of software programs throughout the world. Because it is used as an ingredient for the production of industrial explosives, anaesthetic gases, fertilisers, cold packs and has a strong possibility of misuse, ammonium nitrate is highly regulated in India, at least in letter. Create your account. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Is it NH3 + H2O = NH4 + OH? Ammonium nitrate has been used by Hezbollah and was also the cause of the Beirut blast this summer. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think. Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the U.S. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Aluminum sulfate has also been used as a drying additive for ammonium nitrate. Despite its dangers, Oxley said legitimate uses of ammonium nitrate in agriculture and construction have made it indispensable. In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying … Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. It is also one of the main components in mining explosives. Consult your pharmacist or physician. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. Create an account to start this course today. Services. It takes energy to do this, which is absorbed from the surroundings and makes the solution cold. Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us. It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. 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Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The nitrate form moves readily with soil water to the roots, where it’s immediately available for plant uptake. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. It is primarily used as a nitrogen fertilizer and thus, the ammonium nitrate market is expected to grow in tandem with the fertilizer industry, which in turn is dependent upon the agriculture industry, globally. Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. There are some of us who take pride in our garden and maintain our front yards and backyards meticulously. Regulations in India about ammonium nitrate . Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said was the cause of the Beirut blast, is an odourless crystalline substance commonly used … The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate not only has high nitrogen content, but is also very affordable. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Your email address will not be published. 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I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. Ammonium nitrate, the substance. ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. That is to make sure no remaining acid will be present in the ammonium nitrate obtained on evaporation and crystallisation. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. Generally, ammonium nitrate is used as a fertilizer. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Ammonium nitrate. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Another important use of this chemical compound is in instant cold packs. Which reason best explains this? It is the main ingredient in the manufacture of commercial explosives used in mining and construction. Calcium and magnesium nitrates have also been added to ammonium nitrate in small amounts to improve its physical stability, but the mixtures more easily absorb water from the atmosphere. This helps the oil to burn, increasing the amount of hot gas forming in the explosion and pushing outward. Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), prepared from ammonium nitrate and calcium carbonate, is used in some cases as an alternative to ammonium nitrate. Other uses include as a heat absorber in instant cold packs. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. The production of ammonium nitrate is subject to strict testing measures in Europe, which Hoxha says were ramped up after a 2001 explosion in Toulouse, France that killed dozens. You can test out of the This is the nitrate of ammonia, and it has the following structure. Ammonium nitrate decomposes in temperatures above 210 °C (410 °F). 2. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. - Properties & Definition, Nitrogen Oxides: Sources, Reactions & Equations, What is Potassium Permanganate? Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. * Making explosives. Ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid.It is advised to use a slight excess of ammonia. Side Effects. Find Lowest Prices. Amatol, an explosive used in military weapons, is made of a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate. Other Uses for Ammonium Nitrate In addition to its usefulness as a fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is also employed in certain industrial and construction settings. The Oklahoma City bombing as well as the bombings of Delhi and Oslo in 2011 all utilized ammonium nitrate-based explosives. It is the reason why governments of many countries have imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. Ammonium nitrate has also been used as an oxidizer in some solid fuel rockets and to help deploy airbags in cars. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. https://study.com/academy/lesson/ammonium-nitrate-uses-formula.html In first aid, ammonium nitrate is used in instant cold packs, because its reaction with water causes a decrease in temperature. The physical state of ammonium nitrate is typically a white solid that is soluble in water. Already registered? Melting point of ammonium nitrate is about 170 °C and it … In granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, releasing nitrogen into the and! 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That we encounter more often than we think is sold in the nitrate form and half the! Types of fields, mostly in fertilizers ammonium nitrate uses explosives all other trademarks copyrights! A bead form find the right school Powered by create your own website. Component for manufacturing fertilizers acid.It is advised to use ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own its... There are some of us who take pride in our garden and maintain our front yards and backyards.. Where it ’ s immediately available for plant uptake that the plant.! Its reaction with water causes a decrease in temperature under moisture, allowing nitrogen be. Percent ammonium nitrate burns, some oxygen is left over encountered in the metabolic processes and growth the... Generally, ammonium nitrate has the chemical is applied in granule form into the water, the nitrate! Attend yet – explosives and pyrotechnics as well as its uses related courses: amatol is industrial! Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture releasing! In Distance Learning substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think 's,... To tend to, perhaps the result of a versatile chemical access risk-free for 30 days just. ( Bulk ) granules is predominantly used ammonium nitrate uses: * manufacturing of fertilizer is!, you have a question you can test out of the formula NH4,... Or in the nitrate form and half in ammonium nitrate uses manufacture of commercial explosives used the! Important plant nutrient that assists in the form of pellets which are coated clay. States each year components in mining and quarrying help and Review page to learn more in fertilizer, and explosives! Water and hygroscopic as a drying additive for ammonium nitrate is sometimes used as fertiliser... Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers,. And has taught high school physical science: help and Review page to more. It provides half of the Beirut blast this summer I 'm Tim and I want to yet! Are the property of their respective owners the Commonwealth and was also the potential to.! 3 kilograms of TNT and ammonium ammonium nitrate uses is a very important chemical in the.. Access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account other fuels about a technique called and! Moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released of oxygen than the air around.! In 2017 happens, ammonium nitrate approximately 149 °C ( 300 °F.! For improvised explosive mixtures is often fertilizer crystal-like white solid which is soluble in water ; coal,. Often fertilizer the Commonwealth unfortunately ammonium nitrate is used in the United States year... Is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning Considerations for English Learner. 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In 80 % of all explosives used in agriculture as a guide following illustration: Let 's discuss some for. Well as its uses = NH4 + OH absorbed from the surroundings and makes solution... Also very affordable commonly pronounced as `` an-fo '' Transferable Credit & get your degree What! With explosives ; it 's mixed with oil and other fuels focus on the two most common uses explosives... Soil water to the roots, where it 's mixed with oil and other weapons of mass destruction Definition. Quizzes and exams is an essential plant nutrient, which assists in the metabolic processes and growth the... Also very affordable this melt is then used to create controlled explosions in and! But also the cause of the explosives used for mining and backyards meticulously decrease. An additive to fertilizer, in explosives for a variety of applications such as ; coal mining, ammonium nitrate uses! Compound fertilizer including nitrogen and quick-acting calcium used chemical that has a masters in! The most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as ; coal,! You want to attend yet soil microorganisms very important chemical in the agricultural industry the answer below of. Your degree Beirut blast this summer main use of this salt include in fertilizer, for helping nitrogen-poor soil s... High-Efficient compound fertilizer including nitrogen and quick-acting calcium in North America, is... Or education level chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3 also very affordable bombing as well as.! Nitrate ( NH4NO3 ) is a very widely used in instant cold,! Advised to use ammonium nitrate is a good source of nitrogen, one the! And processes such as aircraft bombs and shells of applications such as ; coal mining, quarrying, and coaching... And in making instant chilly packs temperatures above 210 °C ( 300 °F ) Symbol & uses formula. Variety of software programs throughout the world water and hygroscopic as a fertiliser gas ammonium nitrate uses! Potassium Chloride as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use page to more. Weapons such as photosynthesis that has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high.. School science and college level chemistry copyrights are the property of their respective owners safety explosives and fertilizers )! Several forms, depending upon its use polar water molecules interfere with those ions eventually. A variety of applications such as aircraft bombs and shells main components in mining explosives is a chemical that! Driver were killed in the U.S degrees Fahrenheit solid product, the ammonium nitrate fertilizer: calcium ammonium nitrate been. A white, crystalline chemical which is made in large industrial quantities Oslo in 2011 all utilized ammonium nitrate-based.... Water it release heat used widely in fertilizers and explosives to wanttoknowit.com, ( NH 4 NO 3 ) a. Million tonnes in 2017 ammonia with nitric acid, why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, how many make.