Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, intended use (lawn, golf course, athletic field). Texas bluegrass is the result of crossing Kentucky bluegrass with native Texas bluegrass. Selecting turfgrass involves choosing both an adapted grass species (e.g., bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, zoysiagrass, etc.) St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Kentucky bluegrass is a fine-leaved turfgrass widely used for lawns in the northern states. This grass does well in full sun or partial shade. That’s why you need to invest in heat-tolerant and drought-resistant grass in Texas for your residential and commercial properties. It also takes high traffic well, so if you love to hold family parties or host flag football games, this may be the grass for you. Varieties are available for lawns, golf courses and athletic fields. The hybrid or vegetative bermudagrasses are usually denser, darker green, have a finer texture and are more aggressive than the common-type bermudagrass varieties. Bermudagrass is grown throughout Texas. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Establishment and Maintenance Recommendations. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. Seeded varieties include Arizona Common, Blackjack, Blue-muda, Contessa, Jackpot, LaPaloma, Majestic, Mohawk, NuMex Sahara, Panama, Princess 77, Pyramid, Riviera, Savannah, Shanghai, Shangri-la, Southern Star, SR 9554, Sunbird, Sundevil II, Sunstar, Sydney, Transcontinental, Veracruz and Yukon. Even in a coastal area, water usage can become a problem. The area in which zoysiagrass is adapted is similar to that of bermudagrass. Sea Spray is a seeded variety. If it isn’t getting enough water, you will know by the blades beginning to turn yellow. So what is winter brown off in lawns and why does it occur? He represents Texas AgriLife Extension Service with the Texas A&M University System. In Texas, St. Augustine grass is one of the most popular of the turfgrass, or carpet grass, varieties. Recommended: Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed – Perennial Ryegrass Mix, 7 lb. It has resistance to chinch bugs. It is slow growing and coarse-leafed. Tall fescue sod is moderately tolerant of drought and shade and its use is limited to North Texas. St Augustine grass lawns are extremely thick. Looking for insider Houston lawn care tips? Neither seed nor sod is as readily available at this time as for the other grasses. Site conditions include. How to Install St. Augustine Grass. Only two seeded varieties of zoysiagrass are available—Zenith and Compadre. In the more humid areas of Texas, bluegrass is prone to diseases and heat stress and is not recommended as a general lawn grass. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. Although finer textured (with a narrower blade) and more tolerant of shade than Floratam, Raleigh develops dense ground coverage. Overall, this variety is a hardy and easy-to-manage grass. The standard tall fescue variety K-31, which originated as a forage grass, is still available. Atrazine tolerance is also lower than other varieties, making weed control harder. Improved varieties usually require less nitrogen fertilizer than bermudagrass. This type of grass does well in the warmer temperatures, and it has a low dense growth habit. It grows high but needs a lot of water to do so; St. Augustine grass crowds out most weeds and other grasses; It has a coarse texture and is not cold tolerant; St. Augustine grass does not like heavy traffic and you must mow it high to keep the roots Floratam St. Augustine. Vegetative varieties include Adalayd/Excalibre, Aloha, Salam, SeaDwarf, Sea Isle I and Sea Isle 2000. Bitterblue grass is a finer, denser St. Augustine grass. Seed stores and garden centers typically carry only a few varieties of each species from a single supplier. It is impractical for Texas sod producers to produce a great number of varieties of a single grass species, so they try to provide good quality varieties of the most improved grasses. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. With fertilization, less is often more. A Texas A&M AgriLife Research turfgrass breeder discussed genetically engineered St. Augustine grass and hybrids bred to meet these criteria during the recent Texas A&M AgriLife Turfgrass Field Day in College Station.. Ambika Chandra, Ph.D., a turfgrass breeder in the … The newest turf study recommendations say a 2-1-0 ratio is plenty for St. Augustine. St. Augustine – is very common in Central Texas. Zoysiagrass Seed, sprigs and plugs generally take longer than bermudagrass to completely cover an area. Because seashore paspalum does not tolerate prolonged low temperatures, it is best adapted to the southern one-third of Texas. The trick is to water only when the grass needs it. Raleigh St. Augustine is medium green in color, and has a SAD virus resistant and is best grown in heavier clay soils. Plant Answers > Floratam St. Augustine Grass -- the BEST Grass for South and South Central Texas Floratam St. Augustine Grass -- the BEST Grass for South and South Central Texas Floratam St. Augustine grass was released by the Florida and Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations in 1972 as a SAD virus and chinch bug resistant selection. They can be overseeded into bermudagrass in late September and October to provide winter color, or planted on bare ground to prevent erosion until a permanent lawn is established. Texas is known for moderate winters and very hot summers, How to Get Rid of Mosquitoes Using Home Remedies, Top 7 Houston Landscaping Ideas for Every Taste, Easy Steps to a Trouble-Free Sod Installation in Houston, Texas, Definitive Guide to Safe and Effective Lawn Fertilization. For a lawn that takes very little effort to maintain, buffalo grass is the best option. The Zoysia matrella types have a much finer leaf texture that produces a very dense turf; they require more maintenance (mainly closer and more frequent mowing) than Zoysia japonica varieties (Table 1). Orange = The species may need extra irrigation and maintenance (mowing, fertilization) in this area. Part of it’s drought resistance can make it invasive since it constantly seeds itself but it has few problems with pest and disease. Everyone wants a lush carpet of grass on their lawn, and if you are in Texas then you know St. Augustine grass is one of the best choices of grass types for the climate we have. It naturally forms a dense turf and also has a good salt tolerance. Seed is available for many varieties. Some experts recommend 6.5lb per 1,000 square feet, while others say that 4lb per 1,000 square feet is best. While the residents of Houston seldom see temperatures of more than 100 degrees, we do see a lot of days hit 90 degrees or more. Seeded buffalograss varieties include Common, Texoka, Commanche, Plains and Topgun. It can be grown in most of Texas, although it may be killed by severe winters in the northern one-third of the state. That means it gets very thick so it feels like a carpet beneath your feet, and it does not grow tall quickly, so you get to mow less frequently. It is established from sod. It is not well suited to heavily trafficked areas. Common Central Texas Grasses St. Augustine St. Augustine grass is a warm season lawn grass This variety is known for its ability to survive and thrive with little or no water and in high heat. Tip’s Turf cultivates their carpet grass in some of the richest soil in Texas and will always deliver freshly cut grass only hours after it has been harvested to the central Texas and Austin areas. Zoysia grass is equally fond of sun and shade so that it will work well under and near your trees. For more information about our residential and commercial landscaping in Houston, TX,  contact us online or call us at 713-999-4751. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. Bermuda – Easiest to maintain. White = The species is not adapted for this area, though it may be grown with extra irrigation and expert maintenance; other grass species are recommended. For Texas residents, the heat-tolerant Bermuda grass is an obvious, practical choice. and a variety of that species. For the first three and last three months of the year, five hours every 10 days will normally do the trick. Any nitrogen not used by your turf gets sent to your weeds and fungus. Certain truisms exist in hot, humid Texas and one is that trees in a landscape will eventually shade the yard, and if the ground cover is grass, it needs to be shade-tolerant or you'll have bare soil and mud. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Warm-season grasses turn straw-colored at the first frost and may go dormant during the winter in Texas. Many also require more maintenance (more frequent mowing, more nitrogen fertilizer). There are other grass types found in Austin and Central … Finding the right grass variety is essential for the appearance of your lawn. It does not do well in the shade, however, and coverage can occasionally become thin. There are no growers of Kentucky bluegrass sod in Texas. It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. In the High Plains, perennial ryegrass may be used as a permanent turfgrass if it is watered. However, tall fescue lawns will require more summer irrigation than either warm-season turfgrasses or Texas bluegrass. Raleigh St Augustine is the most widely grown variety of St. Augustine in Texas. Irrigation may be needed to supplement natural rainfall. Many Saint Augustine lawns can tend to go brown or straw colored over the winter months. The southern states in the warm/humid Climate Zone in the U.S. forms the range for this grass. When planted in the high-rainfall areas of East Texas, or when watered excessively, buffalograss is easily invaded by weeds and other grasses. However, there are many new turf-type varieties (more than 70) that perform better and have finer leaf texture. The grass is characterized by its dark green hue and dense carpet-like cover. It is important to select a species that is adapted to the climate of your area and to the conditions of the site where it will be planted. Consider the following types of grass for a drought-proof lawn. When you do water, wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. These new varieties are also more tolerant of heat and shade. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) comes as sod, plugs and sprigs to plant in your lawn. It requires little fertilizer and infrequent mowing. Requires the most watering. About an inch to 1.5 inches per week should be efficient for your St. Augustine grass. TifBlair, a relatively new variety, is also available as seed and sod. One popular lawn cover is Saint Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), a warm-season, shade grass intolerant of freezing temperatures. Buffalograss is best adapted for areas with annual rainfall of 25 inches or less. In the Houston area, consult the lawn experts at Zodega TIS for advice on the best Texas heat-tolerant and drought-resistant lawn grass types for Texas heat and drought. The recommended fertilizer program begins in the spring. Turfgrass needs to be tolerant to drought and shade as well as resistant to disease in order to thrive in Texas. Looks great but needs more sun, less shade. It does best in full sun and has little tolerance of shade. As a result, you may choose to mow it rarely, if at all. To make sure you get the best product for your St Augustine grass, have a look at the table below before moving onto our buying guide. This grass grows best in soil with a pH between 5 and 8.5, which is a broader range than many of its competitors. All St. Augustine grass turfs require a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. The following descriptions are of the grass species most common to Texas. Another natural choice is Bahia grass, especially if you have poor soil. If you're looking for a dense turf that thrives in a warm, coastal climate, … It is the most shade-tolerant of the warm-season turfgrasses. 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