(redirected from Foot-binding) A custom practised on young girls and women for about 1,000 years in China, ending in the early 20th century, which resulted in lifelong disabilities for most of its victims Segen's Medical Dictionary. A woman with tiny, bound feet was considered more attractive and ladylike. Definition: Chinese method of dealing with foreign lands and people that assumed subordination of all non-chinese authorities. Chest binding to make breasts look flatter, less noticeable or more masculine. Widely used as a method to distinguish girls of the upper class from everyone else, and later as a way for the lower classes to improve their social prospects, the practice of foot-binding would c… foot-binding: Meaning and Definition of. Cartwright, M. (2017, September 27). Missionaries were horrified by foot-binding, spoke out vociferously against it, and established anti-footbinding societies beginning in the 1870's. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Foot-binding was commonly practised in China from the 12th century until banned in the early 20th century. Foot-binding definition, (formerly in China) the act or practice of tightly binding the feet of infant girls to keep the feet as small as possible. License. Meaning of footbinding. Conversely, people in the provinces and peripheral regions of China wanted to copy the 'civilising' practices of imperial China. According to the legend, foot binding began when an ancient Chinese emperor’s dancer bound her feet to suggest the shape of a new moon or a flower. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? ", Gamble, S.D. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. (AFP/Getty Images (AFP/Getty Images) foot-binding in American English. It was not uncommon for one or more toes to be lost or to have infections in the foot or gangrene. Foot binding also demonstrated male economic power. It was practiced by a large section of the population and crossed all socio-economic lines. Foot binding is an old Chinese custom of wrapping girls' feet with cloth in order to stop them from growing with age. Binding definition, the act of fastening, securing, uniting, or the like. Foot fetishes are extremely popular, but still kind of taboo – here's what you need to know about them, and why your love of feet shouldn't make you feel ashamed. Foot-binding was commonly practised in China from the 12th century until banned in the early 20th century. See more. Foot-binding, as it is known, was first carried out 1,000 years ago. Related Content For someone who has a foot fetish, bare feet can feel … The process began by choosing an auspicious day in the calendar. However, any movements to oppose it failed. (The opposition to foot binding) Foot binding may have been embraced across the nation of China for over a thousand years, but as with most traditions such as these that incorporated methods of pain and torture, they must ultimately come to an end. It was normal for centuries, until being finally outlawed in 1911. With servants to perform menial tasks, a lady’s mobility was limited even in normal circumstances, but with bound feet, walking must have only been achieved with great difficulty. Post the Definition of foot-binding to Facebook, Share the Definition of foot-binding on Twitter. Studies of a sample village of over 500 families in 1929 CE (Tinghsien) showed that it was almost a universal practice amongst women over 40 years of age but reduced to around half when considering the female population as a whole. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. the practice of foot binding began to shift from a symbol of beauty to one of torture, oppression and control. The practice became widespread among the upper classes during the Song dynasty (960-1279 CE), especially in central and northern China. Binding should never be done with tape or ace bandages, and safety precautions should be taken. Mothers would begin binding their daughters' feet when the girls were around seven years old. Anti-Foot Binding Campaigns Failed Many Times. According to the legend, foot binding began when an ancient Chinese emperor’s dancer bound her feet to suggest the shape of a new moon or a flower. The lack of mobility would not have greatly affected working women in their traditional household employment of spinning, weaving, sewing, and embroidery. foot binding - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Women also had to have their toenails carefully cut. Books He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Even as an adult a woman continued to wrap her deformed feet in bindings, wearing them at all times in public and when bathing. Cartwright, Mark. Finally, aristocratic young men of the Tang period were becoming more refined in dress and appearance so that foot-binding may have been an attempt to further distinguish the sexes. Foot binding lasted over 1,000 years in China and crippled an estimated one to two billion women. Obviously being a painful process and leaving women so treated with permanent problems of mobility, which also seriously limited any role they could take on in wider society, the practice was not without its critics. At a time when most Chinese people existed only a few rice bowls away from starvation, being able to … Foot binding (also known as "lotus feet") was the custom of applying painfully tight binding to the feet of young girls to prevent further growth. Contextual translation of "foot binding" into Tagalog. To uncover this little-known history of foot-binding, Bossen and the book’s co-author, researcher Hill Gates, interviewed over 1,800 elderly women in remote villages across China and found that foot-binding was widespread among peasant populations, shattering the belief that foot-binding was a status symbol of the elite. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Certainly, the binding of feet to reduce their size was long-associated with women who earned their money entertaining men in one way or another. The foot binding process was long, excruciatingly painful and pretty gross. Foot binding was also linked to another vital role assigned to Chinese women, the production of Lotus shoes (the name given to the tiny shoes made for women with bound feet). It was normal for centuries, until being finally outlawed in 1911. However, there is little strong textual evidence for the custom prior to th… The Binding Chair: or, A Visit from the Foot Emancipation Society. ". There thus developed a certain peer pressure amongst families to perform the process on their daughters or risk not finding them eligible husbands. Foot binding (also known as "lotus feet") was the custom of applying painfully tight binding to the feet of young girls to prevent further growth. Foot binding is an old Chinese custom of wrapping girls' feet with cloth in order to stop them from growing with age. Chest binding to make breasts look flatter, less noticeable or more masculine. Subsequently, foot-binding was performed on girls of all classes. No one knows for certain how or why foot binding came about. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. (Bound feet were also known as … In those regions of China where women were more involved in agricultural work such as the cultivation of wet rice, foot-binding was less common. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 27 Sep 2017. When the young girls had foot binding, they would experience a painful feeling during the process. Web. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Ancient History Encyclopedia. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. These dancers were known for their small feet and “bow-shoes” which had upturned toes. Foot-binding was a practice first carried out on young girls in Tang Dynasty China to restrict their normal growth and make their feet as small as possible. Information and translations of footbinding in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Foot Binding - Comprehension Questions Answer Key 9. Cite This Work Foot binding is an old Chinese custom of wrapping girls' feet with cloth in order to stop them from growing with age. "Foot-Binding." Foot-binding, which started out as a fashionable impulse, became an expression of Han identity after the Mongols invaded China in 1279. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 27 September 2017 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. (redirected from Footbinding) A custom practised on young girls and women for about 1,000 years in China, ending in the early 20th century, which resulted in lifelong disabilities for most of its victims Segen's Medical Dictionary. What If You Had Animal Feet? Foot-binding definition is - the compressing of the feet of girls with tight bandages (as formerly in China) so as to keep the feet from being over three or four inches long. Information and translations of footbinding in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The first mention in historical records dates to when the Tang court was at Nanking between 937 and 975 CE. English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. So, foot binding was a way for families to increase the odds of their daughters marrying well. (redirected from Foot-binding) A custom practised on young girls and women for about 1,000 years in China, ending in the early 20th century, which resulted in lifelong disabilities for most of its victims Segen's Medical Dictionary. Foot Binding (redirected from Footbinding ) A custom practised on young girls and women for about 1,000 years in China, ending in the early 20th century, which … Multiple theories attempt to explain the origin of foot binding, from the desire to emulate the naturally tiny feet of a favored concubine of a prince, to a story of an empress who had club-like feet, which became viewed as a desirable fashion. That foot-binding became very common is evidenced by the fact that Chinese writers from the 12th to 14th century CE anticipate their readers are familiar with it. Foot binding resulted in the forward curvature of the lumbar vertebrae as a result of a woman struggling to balance and walk properly. The same was true of the style of walking a woman with bound feet was now forced to adopt - small, light steps. Delivered to your inbox! (Gamble, 181). The practice of bending and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to limit their growth. The world began to regard foot binding as something that was an integral part of the old China and became a custom that was deemed as barbaric. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. Opposition to the practice of foot binding initially began during the Manchu rule in China. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Wikipedia Dictionaries. In the 19th century, many reform-minded Chinese intellectuals began to consider foot binding as a backwardness of China and advocated to abolish the practice. Foot-binding was commonly practised in China from the 12th century until banned in the early 20th century. Significance: It was associated with images of female beauty and eroticism. A woman with The feet were unbound after one month, any ulcerations of the skin treated, and the foot rebound again. When all was ready, the task was done by the older women of the family or by a professional foot-binder. (AFP/Getty Images (AFP/Getty Images) It generally began when girls were 4 to 7 years old, because at that age the bones in their feet were still fairly soft and pliable, and thus easier to reshape [source: Footwear History].. First, the feet were softened in hot water. Foot binding Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries. Footbinding usually began when girls were between 4 and 6 years old; some were as young as 3, and some as old as 12. The bindings were loosened and retightened thereafter once each month until the girl reached her early teens (or even longer depending on the desired effect). Woman with Bound Feetby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). It took approximately two years for this process to reach the desired effect, hopefully a foot that measured three or three and one-half inches toe to heel. In order to achieve the goal of tiny three-inch "lotus feet" (the lotus was a kind of flower), most young Chinese girls had their feet bound tightly with strips of cloth to prevent growth. Inside The Disturbing Practice Of Chinese Foot Binding, The Three-Inch Golden Lotus: A Novel on Foot Binding. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. When unwrapped, the feet and any wounds that resulted from the tight wrapping were groomed. Modified entries © 2019 by … In extreme cases, foot binding was done by breaking the toes in several places and folding the broken toes under the sole of the foot, then breaking the arches of the feet, effectively snapping the feet in half. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Modified entries © 2019 by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd Cartwright, Mark. Foot binding was the Chinese custom of breaking and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to change the shape and size of their feet; during the time it was practiced, bound feet were considered a status symbol and a mark of beauty. The widespread nature of the practice by aristocrats meant that lower class parents saw foot-binding as an opportunity to raise the prospects of their own children. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Another reason for its popularity may have been a desire to clearly differentiate upper-class Chinese women, the Han in particular, from the lower classes, those women from the provinces, and those belonging to cultures from newly acquired territories. What does footbinding mean? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Emperor K’ang Hsi made another attempt in 1662 CE but, realising he was fighting a losing battle against parents, he withdrew the ban in 1668 CE. Tribute System. The Effects of Foot-binding on the Foot Bonesby Marco L (Public Domain). More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. The smaller the feet the more attractive they were, even erotic for some, and it became a distinct mark of elegance. In this position, the feet were tightly bound using long strips of cloth, which then restricted any future growth and gave the foot a pronounced arch. Having bound feet shifted the burden of weight to the lower body which put pressure on the pelvis and led to pelvic pain. Definition of footbinding in the Definitions.net dictionary. "The Disappearance of Foot-Binding in Tinghsien. Considered an attractive quality, the effects of the process were painful and permanent. The practice of bending and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to limit their growth. foot binding - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions In extreme cases, foot binding was done by breaking the toes in several places and folding the broken toes under the sole of the foot, then breaking the arches of the feet, effectively snapping the feet in half. Widely used as a method to distinguish girls of the upper class from everyone else, and later as a way for the lower classes to improve their social prospects, the practice of foot-binding would continue right up to the early 20th century CE. Definition: Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet to make them smaller. Explain how having tiny, bound feet affected a woman's reputation and social standing during the height of foot binding in China. The shoes. The main purpose of binding the feet was to break the arch of the foot which ultimately left a crevice approximately two inches deep in the foot which was considered most desirable. The Effects of Foot-binding on the Foot Bones. However, there is little strong textual evidence for the custom prior to th… So, foot binding was a way for families to increase the odds of their daughters marrying well. Last modified September 27, 2017. Foot binding Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries. Meaning of footbinding. During 10th or 11th century, the practice of foot binding was started by the upper-class court dancers. Foot-Binding. The practice of binding feet may have started with the dancer Yaoniang, who performed in the Tang dynasty court, or more generally the Turkic dancers who performed there during the 10th century CE. Next prayers and offerings were offered to the Tiny-Footed Maiden Goddess; another recipient was the Buddhist figure of Guanyin, a bodhisattva or enlightened one who was thought to protect women in general. Find definitions for: foot-bind•ing. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The big toe was left facing forwards while the four smaller toes were bent under the foot. What does footbinding mean? Suffering for beauty is a concept familiar to most women, who have dyed, plucked or shaved their hair, squeezed their feet into uncomfortable … The process of binding started when a girl was very young and continued until the ideal "Lotus Foot" was fully formed (around 3 inches long.) The practice of bending and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to limit their growth. Foot binding required a high degree of care and attention to hygiene. The ability to withstand foot binding reflected a woman’s character, and her attractiveness was revealed not in her face or body, but in her feet. Foot binding is the custom of applying painfully tight binding to the feet of young girls to prevent further growth. (formerly in China) the act or practice of tightly binding the feet of infant girls to keep the feet as small as possible. (Turtleback School & Library Binding Edition... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, Fred Blake, C. "Foot-Binding in Neo-Confucian China and the Appropriation of Female Labor. Foot binding was a symbol of purity and discipline. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. "Foot-Binding." Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Foot-Binding/. Foot-binding was a practice first carried out on young girls in Tang Dynasty China to restrict their normal growth and make their feet as small as possible. Foot binding definition: practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller significance: demonstrated Chinese patriarchal society Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. https://www.ancient.eu/Foot-Binding/. Considered an attractive quality, the effects of the process were painful and permanent. The Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) is regularly cited as the greatest... Chinese culture is one of the oldest in the world today. 22 Dec 2020. Foot-binding, as it is known, was first carried out 1,000 years ago. Tiny feet, despite the origins amongst dancers and courtesans, came to symbolise not only elegance but also moral virtue and modesty. If you want to know more the history of foot binding, you can check the below post: Facts about Chinese Foot Binding 1: the origin of foot binding. Eventually, the trait became something to take careful note of by parents arranging the marriage of their son. (ˈfutˌbaindɪŋ) noun. Although the cultural meanings of foot binding were diverse, there was a standard process for creating small feet. But other historians have also argued that foot binding meant that the women would be entirely dependant on their fathers and husbands, and thus that it was a way of controlling women. Footbinding, cultural practice, existing in China from the 10th century until the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, that involved tightly bandaging the feet of women to alter their shape for aesthetic purposes. Anastasia Hobbet: The Honor Code and the Arab Gulf. (formerly in China) the act or practice of tightly binding the feet of infant girls to keep the feet as small as possible. According to the legend, foot binding began when an ancient Chinese emperor’s dancer bound her feet to suggest the shape of a new moon or a flower. Feet altered by foot binding were known as lotus feet, and the shoes made for these feet were known as lotus shoes. Learn a new word every day. Binding should never be done with tape or ace bandages, and safety precautions should be taken. Foot Binding Painful tradition in China of binding young girls feet to keep them from growing, and maintain small sized feet. Pronunciation: (foot'bīn"ding), — n. (formerly in China) the act or practice of tightly binding the feet of infant girls to keep the feet as small as possible. Foot binding was the Chinese custom of breaking and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to change the shape and size of their feet; during the time it was practiced, bound feet were considered a status symbol and a mark of beauty. The practice possibly originated among upper-class court dancers during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in Imperial China, but spread in the Song Dynasty and eventually became common among all but the lowest of classes. Foot Binding. Foot-binding, which started out as a fashionable impulse, became an expression of Han identity after the Mongols invaded China in 1279. The process even came to the attention of some foreign visitors, and one such source is Friar Odoric of Pordenone who visited northern China between 1322 and 1328 CE. By the 18th century CE there were occasional popular movements to stop the practice but still, despite the pains and consequences, foot-binding remained a common practice in China into the early 20th century CE. In these ways, foot binding was regarded as a form of control which men used to keep women loyal and submissive. But other historians have also argued that foot binding meant that the women would be entirely dependant on their fathers and husbands, and thus that it was a way of controlling women. Forum discussions with the word (s) "foot-binding" in the title: about Chinese foot binding … Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Foot-binding.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/foot-binding. Feet altered by foot binding were known as lotus feet, and the shoes made for these feet were known as lotus shoes. An additional test of a girl’s suitability was her being set the task of making small shoes for the bound feet of her future in-laws. See more. Chinese girls had their feet bound typically from the age of five to eight. Foot binding also showed a woman's social status because only the very poor didn't need to do it. Virtuous women were prized according to the tenets of Neo-Confucianism, and foot binding was the ultimate symbol of a woman’s purity and discipline. (formerly in China) the act or practice of tightly binding the feet of infant girls to keep the feet as small as possible Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. The aimed result of the long and excruciating process was to have feet no longer than 7.5-10 cm (3-4 inches), when they were known as jinlian - “Golden Lotus” or “Lotus” feet after the central life symbol of Buddhism. The emperor was impressed with her "lotus dance," and other women emulated the practice until it spread across the country. Search foot binding and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. This was of course intensely painful for the girls who had it done to their feet. Human translations with examples: paa spa, magdabog, kilometro, kili kili, paa fetish, talampakan, nagbubuklod. The aim of the long & excruciating process was to have feet no longer than 7.5-10 cm, when they were known as “Golden Lotus”. Women would sprinkle their feet with alum powder and then take a binding cloth two to four inches wide and ten to thirteen feet long and wind it tightly around the foot, repeatedly folding under four toes (leaving the big toe pointing upward), drawing the heel and toes as close together as possible, and sewing toget… The practice of bending and tightly binding the feet of young girls in order to limit their growth. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? This process resulted (not surprisingly) in females being effectively crippled and disfigured for the remainder of their lives. Multiple theories attempt to explain the origin of foot binding, from the desire to emulate the naturally tiny feet of a favored concubine of a prince, to a story of an empress who had club-like feet, which became viewed as a desirable fashion. Wikipedia Dictionaries. Missionaries were horrified by foot-binding, spoke out vociferously against it, and established anti-footbinding societies beginning in the 1870's. The emperor Chun Chi, of the Manchu dynasty which never practised foot-binding at court, tried to impose a ban in 1645 CE but the measure was not successful. Smaller feet required especially dainty shoes, and these, made of silk or cotton and often beautifully embroidered, have been found in abundance in tombs of Chinese upper-class women. There developed certain proverbs, too, like Teng er bu teng xue, teng nu bu, teng jiao, meaning something like “if you care for your children, do not worry if your son suffers for his studies or your daughter for her feet” (Blake, 681). It was common for the feet to swell, fill with pus, and smell of rotting flesh. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. The Qing poet Yuan Mei (1716-1797 CE) was one notable figure who was publicly against foot-binding, and Confucian scholars remained unimpressed, associated as it was with women of the ‘entertainment’ industry and having the sole purpose of making the woman more attractive. What made you want to look up foot-binding? For centuries, young girls in China were subjected to an extremely painful and debilitating procedure called foot binding. Their feet were bound tightly with cloth strips, with the toes bent down under the sole of the foot, and the foot tied front-to-back so that the grew into an exaggerated high curve. The fact that it … English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. Definition of footbinding in the Definitions.net dictionary. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The friar made the following note on the practice: And with the women the great beauty is to have little feet; and for this reason mothers are accustomed, as soon as girls are born to them, to swathe their feet tightly so that they can never grow in the least. What a Sex Life With a Foot Fetish Looks Like. Search foot binding and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Foot Binding and Lotus Shoes For over a thousand years, tiny feet were symbols of feminine beauty, elegance, and sexuality in China. Foot-binding was commonly practised in China from the 12th century until banned in the early 20th century. Feet and any wounds that resulted from the tight wrapping were groomed 's and... Associated with images of female beauty and eroticism binding also demonstrated male economic power of to! 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To Spanish, pronunciation, and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge of the process were and..., published on 27 September 2017 under the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit company in... Spa, magdabog, kilometro, kili kili, paa fetish, bare feet can feel … binding. For these feet were known as lotus feet, and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge the... Small, light steps … foot binding wrapping were groomed feet of young girls in order limit! © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC for educational by... Marco L ( Public Domain ) few rice bowls away from starvation, being to. China in 1279 of footbinding in the early 20th century experience a painful feeling during the rule. An attractive quality, the effects of the population and crossed all socio-economic lines amongst dancers courtesans. And tightly binding the feet the more attractive they were, even for. Because only the very poor did n't need to do it it done to their.. 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