A substance called lignin strengthens the cell walls of xylem cells. Nerve cells. Animals tend to have many more cell types than plants, according to North Carolina State University, because they are more complex organisms that have to perform more functions in order to stay alive. Terms in this set (11) Specialized cells. White blood cells. The unique feature of stem cells is that they are pluripotent - they have the potential to become any type of cell in the body.These incredible cells are the ancestors of all cells in the body, from simple skin cells to complex neurons.Without these cells, we wouldn't be as complex or functional as human beings. Specialized Cells, Biology 1. Differentiation allows cells to develop into the four major tissue types: epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue and muscle tissue. SpecializedCells 2. Credit: Science Photo Library - STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images. Cells that act like "telephone wires" that carry messages or impulses from one part of the body to another part. Stem cells Before a cell becomes specialised, it first starts out as a stem cell. 3. The stomach contains four layers, the inner most layer is the mucosa, which is made for the specialized functions of the stomach. Some that you'll need to know best include specialized blood cells, specialized nerve cells and specialized muscle cells. The xylem is specialised to transport water up the stem of a plant and into the leaves. Basal Cells . produce mucus which lines the respiratory tract and traps bacteria and other particles in the air. cells on the outside of the respiratory epithelium which use cilia to move mucus and particles out of the respiratory tract to be coughed out. Xylem vessels are made up of a series of connected dead xylem cells. Once students have mastered basic cells, they should move on to specialized cells and their specific functions. Specialized cells work together to create the fundamental structures of the human body. Red Blood Cell 2. There are at least 200 different cell types in the human body. Stem cells are unique in that they originate as unspecialized cells and have the ability to develop into specialized cells that can be used to build specific organs or tissues. Specialized Cells Plant’s and animal’s cells are specialized to carry their job efficiently. The human body contains hundred of different types of cells that each serve a different purpose. Goblet Cells . Specialized cells work together toward a common goal, and different groups of specialized cells create the whole organism. Animal Specialized Cells 1. Cell type % cell count: Erythrocytes (red blood cells) 84.0 Platelets 4.9 Bone marrow cells 2.5 Vascular endothelial cells 2.1 Lymphocytes 1.5 Hepatocytes ... Gland of Moll cell in eyelid (specialized sweat gland) Sebaceous gland cell (lipid-rich sebum secretion) Bowman's gland cell … These enzymes include pepsin (which works with proteins), hydrochloric acid (which works with the pepsin), and rennin (which works with milk). Cells that perform a certain function. Xylem cells. The breakdown of nutrients in the stomach requires specialized cells that secrete digestive enzymes and gastric juices. Stem cells can divide and replicate many times in order to replenish and repair tissue. The end walls of the dead cells are broken to allow water to move through. Cells are the building blocks of all living things. Each cell has adaptations that allow it to work effectively within living things. Pluripotent stem cell. The role of different, specialized cells. In multicellular animals and plants, groups of specialised cells work together to create more complex structures:. The quiz asks questions about the functions of particular specialized cells. 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