Because of this, the flowering dogwood is considered to be a soil improver. The high calcium and fat content of the dogwood make it very appetizing for wildlife. Dogwood Tree Facts. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. dogwood tree dogwood: a tree of shrub of the genus Cornus often having showy bracts resembling flowers; The genus Cornus comprise a group of 30-50 species of mostly deciduous trees and shrubs in the family Cornaceae commonly known as dogwoods. Here is some general information on the dogwood tree. Flowering Dogwood Tree Facts Description. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. In fact, at least 36 different species of birds feed on dogwood fruit. Dogwoods are a favorite ornamental tree of homeowners -- thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal. Almost all parts of dogwood trees can be used for medicinal purposes: the bark, roots, berries, twigs, leaves and flowers. Some are herbaceous perennials; a few of the woody species are evergreen. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), a popular landscaping tree, is prized for its showy spring flowers as well as its red fall foliage. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a width between 1.5 and 2.5 inches. Some are herbaceous perennials; a few of the woody species are evergreen. It is also an attractive plant. Facts About White Dogwood Trees. The Aurora dogwood is a deciduous tree with an upright and pyramid-like shape and dense, spreading branches. And once you know some facts about dogwood trees, growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze. *, Top 20 Fun Facts about Trees Food Biology Species More, 70 Interesting Sunflower Facts To Brighten Up Your Day. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. The roots and bark of the dogwood tree were used by Native Americans to treat malaria. Philadelphia: Countryside Press;, 1976. The white flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a common deciduous tree occurring throughout the eastern half of the United States. It grows naturally throughout most of the eastern United States and is specifically propagated for use in landscaping. The dogwood blooms represent the cross, as each consists of four bracts in a cross shape. These white, pink or scarlet leaves, which look like petals, surround a yellow center, which is in fact the true flower cluster. When young, it has a vase-like shape. The show begins with pretty four-petal flowers from spring into summer, followed by bright red and orange foliage in the fall. Skewers used to … Dogwood Tree Planting, Care, Varieties and Facts Tags english garden trees garden trees decorations garden trees front yards large garden trees tall garden trees Specifically, dogwood roots provide red, black and yellow dyes. November 14, 2015 . Dogwood Tree Facts. Among the many species of flowering trees you might choose to liven up your property, the dogwood family contains some of the most attractive. This tree is native to parts of Asia, including China and Japan, and is accordingly also known as Chinese dogwood and Japanese dogwood. Once a dogwood has reached maturity, the gray bark cracks and looks like it’s been broken into small squares, giving it the appearance of alligator hide. Dogwood is a smaller tree, approximately 30 feet in height and 35 feet in width. The legend of the dogwood tree holds particular importance for Christians. The tree is the state tree of Missouri, and its flower is the state flower of Virginia and North Carolina. However, should she feel indifferent towards the man in question, she would return the flowers to the disappointed suitor. A flowering dogwood tree usually ‘flowers’ in spring. One of the most interesting dogwood tree facts is that their roots are used to make dyes. An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. A picture of some wild growing dogwood trees. The flowers of dogwoods contain both the female and male reproductive parts. Print. The fruit of the dogwood tree is red to yellowish red. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a width between 1.5 and 2.5 inches. The dogwoods are in the genus Cornus, which mostly occur in temperate and boreal forests of the Northern Hemisphere. Read also: 70 Interesting Sunflower Facts To Brighten Up Your Day, Your email address will not be published. Dogwood Trees, Facts on the Dogwood Tree Species. Other ailments that have been treated with dogwood include insomnia, asthma, fevers, muscular problems, whooping cough, toothache and even canine mange. The four points of the bracts are tinged in red, symbolizing the blood from Jesus’ hands and feet where they were nailed to the cross. The dogwood tree grows up to 30 feet. The wood from dogwood trees was previously used in the construction of wheels, weaving shuttles, hay forks and machine bearings. This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios. The fruit from some species are consumed, but are not very popular. Pagoda Dogwood Information. The wood is strong, dense, durable, and shock resistant. This species does, however, go by other names including Chinese dogwood, Japanese dogwood, Japanese flowering dogwood and Japanese strawberry tree. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. 5 237 Share . One of the most intriguing of all dogwood tree facts is that what you see on these beautiful trees are not actually blooms at all, but bracts – a type of leaf. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. Red blooms cover the tree in spring, and reddish-purple leaves as well as glossy red fruit adorn it in the fall. Aurora dogwood grows to a mature size of 25 feet tall and equally wide. And once you know some facts about dogwoods, growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze. Other species’ fruit are in fact poisonous to humans. Dogwood tree facts. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. All Rights Reserved. Flowers are four petals (white or pink), and cluster. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Dogwood Tree Facts. Your email address will not be published. Native Americans used the root of dogwood trees to treat malaria. It is a deciduous plant that is most commonly grown as a small tree but … The dogwood tree contains both male and female reproductive organs. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. The red stamens in the flower centers are said to represent the crown of thorns that Jesus wore when he was crucified, with the red color representing his blood. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. Growth Dogwood tree facts. Read also: Top 20 Fun Facts about Trees Food Biology Species More. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. The average diameter of a dogwood tree trunk is 1 foot. One of the lesser known dogwood tree facts is that the branches of a dogwood tree appear to be very different colors when seen in different light. The dogwood tree is a small flowering tree species in the Cornus genus. Sign up for our weekly facts e-mail. This is largely due to the fact that wood from the dogwood tree resists splitting, and wears smoothly and evenly. The fruit (red berries), twigs, seeds, flowers, bark and leaves are all consumed by birds and mammals. The scientific name for the dogwood tree is Cornus florida. During the Victorian era, dogwood flowers were often used to convey affection. Copyright © 2020 Facts Just for Kids. The average height of a dogwood tree is around 33 feet. C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. It is quite common in North America. A picture of a few flowers on a blooming dogwood tree. For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. A young man would give dogwood flowers to an unmarried woman for whom he felt some affection. Should his feelings be requited, the woman would keep the dogwood blooms. This is one of many dogwood tree facts that will appeal to environmental enthusiasts. The fruit of the dogwood tree is red to yellowish red. The dogwood family, or Cornaceae, consists of more than a dozen deciduous trees and shrubs in North America, many of which are used for ornamental purposes because of their attractive flowers. It has also become naturalized in the state of New York. Botanical Name: Cornus florida Common Name(s): Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood Height: 20 to 30 feet Bloom Time: Early spring Soil Conditions: Wet, moist, or dry soil conditions Sun: Partial shade Fact: There is a legend that the dogwood was chosen for Christ’s Cross. A flowering dogwood tree usually ‘flowers’ in spring. The leaves of the dogwood tree have an ovate shape. There are several species of dogwood, the roots of which provide different color dyes. The dogwood tree contains both male and female reproductive organs. Its scientific name is Cornus Florida. The animals that feed on dogwoods include songbirds, game birds, skunks, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, foxes, deer and bears. A picture of a row of blooming dogwood trees. This allows it to self-pollinate and means it can produce seeds on its own. And the name doesn’t help to make them any more appetizing – these berries are known as dogberries or houndberries. In early spring, the dogwood produces white or pink petals, and in late spring it has red berries. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. Leaves are simple, opposite, ovate measuring 6-13 cm long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a length between 2 and 5 inches. The inner bark of the roots contains the alkaloid known as cornin. Dogwood Tree Available in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes, dogwood trees add beauty to the landscape for most of the year. Thedogwood tree can grows at Eastern part of the united states of america. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. It also provides shelter and a convenient habitat for many animals. The sturdy wood is used in the manufacture of a range of practical items that require a dense and durable material. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. Once the flower clusters are pollinated by insects, these flowers produce small red berries. It grows best in moist soil, and does not handle drought well. It is therefore often used for urban forestry projects and is planted on abandoned strip mines. Fast Facts About Dogwood Flowers. The dogwood tree is a deciduous tree, which means it loses its leaves seasonally. These trees have been grown for centuries for their dense, fine-grained timber and now they’re popular among gardeners too. 80 Stunning London Facts About the Capital of England, 100 WW2 Facts About the Biggest and Bloodiest War in History, 100 Interesting Facts That Will Boggle Your Mind, 300 Random Facts No One Knows What To Do With, 100 Nutrition Facts To An Easier And Healthier Lifestyle, 100 Amazing Facts That Will Blow Your Mind, 300 WTF Facts That Will Make You Question Everything, 300 Weird Facts That Will Confuse And Amaze You At The Same Time, 100 Did You Know Facts Most People Have Never Heard About, Origin: Dogwood trees are native to North America, Types: White Dogwood, Pink Dogwood, and Chinese Dogwood, amongst others, Fruit: Flowering dogwoods produce red fruit in autumn, Flowers: Range from white, through pink, to scarlet, Livelihood: Dogwood trees are prone to insect damage and fungal diseases, Symbolism: The dogwood is the state tree of Virginia, Missouri and North Carolina, and is also Virginia’s state flower, Art: Dogwood trees are popular in landscape paintings, Traditions: Native Americans planted their crops, particularly corn, when the dogwoods bloomed, Legend: According to legend, Jesus Christ was crucified on a dogwood cross, after which God declared that dogwoods would again never grow tall enough for the construction of crucifixion crosses, Appearance: Dogwood Trees Have an Alligator Skin, Uses: The Wood from Dogwoods Is Ideal for Golf Clubs and Tools, Uses: Brightly Colored Dyes Come from Dogwood Roots, Food Chain: Dogwoods Provide Appetizing Fodder for Birds and Mammals, Dogwood Fruit Won’t Appear on Your Table, A Flowering Dogwood Tree’s Flowers Aren’t Flowers, People Used Dogwood Flowers to Convey Their Feelings, Christian Symbols Pervade the Dogwood Tree. 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