For zoysia grass to overtake and smother St. Augustine grass, the soil must become drier to favor the zoysia's slower growth and cause the St. Augustine to wither. If your lawn turns a bluish color, or if footprints remain when you walk across it in the evening, irrigate ¾”-1” the following morning (source). It is more expensive than the St. Augustine’s that we have. Bermuda grass is usually identified by its spikelets that are borne in four or five slender spikes at the tips of the upright stems. Squeeze the soil firmly. Here Are The Facts, Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? Patrick Dickinson, the Urban Water Program Coordinator at Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center, suggests St. Augustine will lose this category of the turf wars, because it greedily slurps up twice the amount of water as Bermuda grass. Zoysia is more expensive in all cases than the Bermuda. Learn why Empire is a superior choice over Floratam St. Augustine. This helps you will have success with a … Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses with roughly the same growing regions. St. Augustine should be mowed May-October 2”-4” with a sharp blade. Both are warm-season grasses and are widely planted throughout the South and warmer regions of the U.S. If St. Augustine is maintained well, it can choke out most weeds without help from herbicides. Elevate your lawn expectations. Zoysia is drought-tolerant and will go dormant within 7 days of hot, dry conditions. Learn more about preparing clay soil, how to care for St. Augustine, and how to establish zoysia in clay soil. Versatile Zoysia does well in both. There are many varieties to choose from, such as Pampas, Bermuda, and St. Augustine. Zoysia may need dethatching every few years, but this can be reduced by practicing annual core aeration. Zoysia Grass vs. St Augustine in North Texas. Learn more about zoysia vs. centipede grass. This grass can tolerate a pH of 5.0-8.5 (source), giving it a larger range than zoysia. St. Augustine has higher nitrogen requirements than zoysia, so it needs a fertile soil or consistent fertilizer applications. Zoysia sod is more expensive than St. Augustine, and can cost anywhere from $.50-$.85/sq’ foot. Zoysia Vs. Centipede Grass. Keep zoysia consistently moist until you begin to see active growth from sprigs, plugs, or sod. This can be a difficult way to establish a lawn unless you can keep it moist for 4-6 weeks while the stolons establish a root system. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. A: Both grasses are “somewhat“ shade tolerant. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. So, which grass should you choose for your new lawn? I realize that I can fertilize, water and wait for the St Aug to fill in, but I'm thinking of converting to Empire Zoysia. However, new zoysia lawns may take 6-8 weeks to begin active growth, so you may need to spray a broadleaf weed control during the first year. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season, creeping grasses with good drought tolerance. St. Augustine grass is a thickly-growing grass species that creates a lush, inviting landscape. If you live in the south zoysia is a good choice, particularly those with thicker blades. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. Zoysia may have difficulty establishing a root system from sprigs, so the more common planting method is to use plugs. Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? Bermuda Grass. It is also more tolerant of dethatching. For best results, all three of these types of grass should be watered deeply once a week using a minimum of one inch of water. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. St. Augustine and Zoysia have similar growing zones, so which grass you choose will come down to your soil classification and how much effort you want to put into improving the soil in your yard. If you have full sunlight, I’d say Bermuda grass is better than Zoysia out on sports fields or in higher traffic areas where it’s important to have grass that recuperates faster from traffic and … Bermuda grass is a traditional favorite that has remained popular. Plant zoysia if your lawn has high-traffic areas, gets inconsistent moisture, and has poor soil. St. Augustine does not handle dethatching with a power rake, so it is important to mow frequently to prevent long grass clippings or clumps of grass. It is not as elegant as Saint Augustine, but it grows well in almost all Texas settings. If you want to prevent dormancy, irrigate as needed April-October at 1”/week (source). There are many factors that can determine which turf you choose, but first, Let’s dive into the basics of each grass. --, Weeds In Your Lawn? Side By Side Comparison). Can I Mix Zoysia and Bermuda? An attractive yard provides an elegant and relaxing space to enjoy on the weekend or after a long day. She has an A.A.S. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. Inference. If St. Augustine begins to turn brown, it is dying, not going dormant. Bahia grass is low-growing and forms a tough, open turf that resists thatch. Mowing height depends on the variety, but most varieties should be mowed ¾”-2.5” with a sharp blade from April-October. Zoysia can choke out weeds in sunny areas of the lawn once it is established. This is what makes them excellent for sports fields because they recover quickly. Related Reading: Will Zoysia Grow In Clay Soil? Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. St. Augustine has large flat stems and broad coarse leaves while Bermuda grass has short flat leaves. However, zoysia has a high drought-tolerance, so if you notice brown patches that don’t recover after irrigation, treat for chinch bugs before they can spread to the rest of your turf. Of the three, Zoysia is actually the best performer, but it is also the most expensive. Saint Augustine is a traditionally beloved grass and elegant type of grass, but with weather conditions and water availability becoming less and less sure in the state of Texas you are probably better off investing your money in a hardier grass that is more versatile and more tolerant of drought. One major benefit to planting zoysia rather than St. Augustine is that zoysia has viable seed options, which is by far the cheapest way to establish a new lawn. Mow as frequently as needed to prevent breaking the 1/3rd rule, which is generally every 10-14 days. While both kinds of grass will survive in most southern lawns, they are each suited to different climates and soil conditions. All of these diseases can cause grey or brown spots in the lawn or on individual leaves. Bermuda grows much taller and requires more mowing. Saint Augustine is a good choice in areas that have very tightly packed, gumbo clay type soil. Bahia grass has excellent wearability, but gets a high-maintenance rating in the mowing department. Nonetheless, it is a traditional favorite. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, establishing and maintaining a healthy Zoysia lawn, Will Zoysia Grow In Clay Soil? Specific zoysia and St. Augustine varieties may differ, but they generally fall pretty close to their generic mowing heights. Both grasses tolerate some shade, but St. Augustine is more shade tolerant than zoysia. If thatch is a consistent problem, try bagging your lawn clippings every other time you mow, which will help keep thatch at a manageable thickness. Let’s Settle This! Extremely poor drainage in compacted clay will prevent almost any grass from thriving. Once established, St. Augustine chokes out most weeds, making sprays unnecessary in most lawns. You can plant zoysia any time from mid spring to 8 weeks before the first frost. St. Augustine is a low-maintenance grass under the right conditions. Wet a handful of soil so that it is moist but not dripping. The first step in establishing a new lawn is to do a soil test (link to Amazon) so you can properly prepare the soil before you plant. April 4, 2019 April 11, 2019 Tiffany Hepburn Grass, lawn maintenance. 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